i) Blood pressure measurement:
Systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure and pulse rate can be assessed via an automatic blood pressure monitor (British Hypertensive Society approved). This is a quick process and measurements are typically provided within 30 seconds of the reading. Your results will be compared to recommended values.
ii) Full blood lipid profile:
Total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (good cholesterol), low-density lipoprotein (bad cholesterol), triglycerides and cholesterol/HDL ratio can be assessed via a small capillary blood sample (fingertip prick). Testing takes between 10-15 minutes. Your results will be compared to recommended values.
iii) Body composition assessment:
Body composition can be measured via one of the following methods:
Bioelectrical impedance analysis:
During this test, body composition (fat mass, fat free mass, estimated muscle mass) is assessed via the method of bioelectrical impedance, where very small electrical signals are passed through the body from four metal electrodes in contact with the hands and feet. This is a quick, pain free process and measurements are typically provided within 30 seconds of the reading. Your results will be compared to recommended values.
Skinfold testing can be used to estimate body fat percentage. The test involves measuring the thickness of skinfolds and subcutaneous fat using skinfold calipers. Several sites of the body can be assessed (3-8 separate sites; dependent upon the sport & sex of the individual). Monitoring body composition can be used to track the effectiveness of a training programme/nutritional intervention. A low body fat percentage is an advantage in most sports and for general healthy wellbeing. The measurement typically takes 30-45 minutes to complete.
iv) Resting metabolic rate measurement:
The test involves 30 minutes resting in a lying position, with a ventilated hood placed over the head. The data obtained includes resting energy expenditure, oxygen consumption, carbon dioxide production and respiratory quotient. The calculation of energy expenditure allows determination of nutritional requirements.